Mildura is a regional city in north-west Victoria. Located on the Victorian side of the Murray River, Mildura is a major horticultural centre notable for its grape production, supplying a high percentage of Victoria's grapes. Many wineries also source grapes from Mildura. Other key crops produced in the district include citrus, almonds and dried fruit.
The city's central business district is located just a short distance from the banks of the Murray. Langtree Avenue is the main shopping and dining precinct in Mildura, with the middle section of the street a pedestrian mall. The other major retail precinct is along Fifteenth Street in the Mildura South area, where a mid-sized undercover shopping mall and several big box stores are located.
The city's name was taken from the Mildura homestead, an early sheep station which covered most of the area. The urban area of Mildura is surrounded by a horticulture area, known as the traditional pumped district, where the original grape and citrus blocks were located with water irrigated from the Murray River.
Districts surrounding Mildura include Irymple, Red Cliffs, Nichols Point, Merbein in the Victorian side of the Murray River and Gol Gol, Buronga and Wentworth on the New South Wales side of the River.
Mildura is situated on flat land without hills or mountains on the southern bank of the Murray River and surrounded to the west, north and east by lakes and billabongs including Lake Hawthorn, Lake Ranfurly and Lake Gol Gol.
Mildura has a semi-arid climate with hot summers and cool winters. It is only about 50 metres above sea level despite being several hundred kilometres from the coast.
Rainfall totals are about 280 mm a year and are spread evenly across the months and seasons with Winter and Spring having the most rainy days.
Average maximum temperatures range from a hot 32 °C in summer to a mild 15 °C in winter. Minimum temperatures range from around 17 °C in summer to 4 °C in winter, when frost is common and often destructive to irrigated crops. Mildura experiences some very hot days in summer with temperatures exceeding 40 °C on a number of days per year.
Mildura is a largely low-rise and low density urban area that is overwhelmingly dependent upon private automobiles for transportation. Residential dwellings consist almost solely of single-family detached homes on relatively large allotments. The population has been growing rapidly for several decades and most of the residential growth has occurred in the south-western and southern parts of the urban area.